The Interstate Compact Agreement for the Supervision of Adult Offenders was established initially in 1937.
The compact was the only vehicle for the regulating the movement of adult parolees and probationers across state lines.
Since 1937,many jurisdictions finally expanded supervision expectations to include previously unregulated practices such as victim input, victim notification requirements and sex offender registration, and the complexities of the compact became more difficult to administer.
After national hearings and meetings conducted in 1997 and a study conducted by a task force appointed by the National Institute of Corrections in 1998, a was made to:
Establish an effective way to manage the movement of offenders that addressed public safety concerns and offender accountability.
Adopt a new Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision and upon passage of the new legislation to repeal the previous Interstate Compact for the Supervision of Parolees and Probationers.
In 1999 a new compact was drafted and promoted to legislators and criminal justice professionals across the nation. The new compact was enacted in June 2002 when Pennsylvania became the 35th state to adopt compact legislation. The inaugural meeting of the National Commission was held on November 2, 2002 in Scottsdale, Arizona.
In 2003 operating rules were established and became effective August 1, 2004. As of October 2005 the compact was adopted in 50 states, including he District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands.
Establish the framework for the promotion of public safety, and protects the rights of victims through the control and regulation of the interstate movement of offenders in the community; to provide for effective tracking, supervision, and rehabilitation of these offenders between the sending and receiving states
The new compact:
- Created an Interstate Commission to establish uniform procedures to manage the movement between states of adults placed under community supervision and released to the community under the jurisdiction of the courts, paroling authorities, corrections, or other criminal justice agencies which will promulgate rules to achieve the purpose of this compact.
- Ensured an opportunity for input and timely notice to victims and to jurisdictions where defined offenders are authorized to travel or to relocate across state lines; established a system of uniform data collection and reporting of Compact activities on active cases to heads of state councils, state executive, judicial, and legislative branches and criminal justice administrators.
- Monitor compliance with rules and initiate interventions to address and correct non-compliance;
- Coordinate training an education regarding regulations.
- Compacting states recognize that it is not a right of any offender to live in another state and that duly accredited officers of a sending state may at all times enter a receiving state and retake an offender.
- Each member state is responsible for the supervision of adult offenders in the community who are authorized by the Bylaws and Rules of the compact to travel across state lines both to and from each compacting state in such a manner as to: track the location of offenders, transfer supervision authority in an orderly and efficient manner, and when necessary return the offenders to the originating jurisdictions.
How are Compact rules established?
Each commissioner has a vote on the commission in establishing operating rules, adopting bylaws, ensuring compliance. A majority of compact states constitutes a quorum.
Rules may be established or amended at the annual meeting of the National Commission or by a special meeting as provided for in the Bylaws.
Who Governs the Compact?
The National Commission is the governing authority of the new compact administers the compact through its Bylaws, rules and procedures as established by the Commissioners.
Governor of each state designates commissioner who sits on the National Commission.
The compact supercedes state law if a conflict occurs
The intent of the drafters was to provide for annual meetings and establish compliance and enforcement standards that would provide an effective was for the new Compact to address the ever changing environment of criminal justice administration regarding public safety, protecting the rights of victims, and the rehabilitation of offenders as they return to our communities.
For more information: Web site http://www.interstatecompact.org
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